In 1980, Financial Times journalist Peta Levi coined the term ‘the Cambridge phenomenon’, which she used to describe the spur of technology and biotechnology companies popping up in the city of Cambridge and its surroundings.
Today, fuelled by innovation and talent from the University of Cambridge, the city remains one of the biggest biotech clusters in the UK – and the world.
Our exclusive analysis of records from Companies House, the UK’s registrar of companies, shows that there are some 5,000 companies active in the field of “experimental development on biotechnology” in the UK. These companies are not evenly distributed across the country. Instead, many of them are clustered in and around Cambridge and Oxford, two rival university cities, as well as in London.
Many other industries follow a similar pattern, clustering around centres of research, sources of raw material or retail markets.
The map below shows where the UK’s industries have congregated and where they make up a significant share of local businesses. The search bar can be used to look for companies by their Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) codes.
By default, the map shows the number of companies that have listed the selected SIC code in each area as a share of all businesses in the area. This is to avoid the over-representation of London and other big cities on the map. You can, however, toggle the “show company count” check mark to see the total number of businesses.
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We have collected records of more than 4.7 million active companies from Companies House, extracting geographical coordinates of their registered addresses in the process.
We then aggregated these records into equally sized areas, spread out across the UK. Clicking on one of the areas shows the Middle Layer Super Output Areas – regions of 7,500 people or so – contained within that area, and the number of businesses matching the selected SIC code, as well as the share of those businesses among all businesses.
You can search for individual companies, including based on their SIC code, on the Companies House website.
For more coverage across our publishing network of the issues created by the supply chain crisis, read the following:
- Supply Chain Vulnerability Index shows wide gulf between US and China – Investment Monitor
- Where are industries clustered in the UK? – Investment Monitor
- Who will be the supply chain winners and losers in 2022? – Investment Monitor
- The relationship between trade and investment in the UK – Investment Monitor
- The record profits of shipping companies will contribute to their demise – Investment Monitor
- How supply chains became headline news – Investment Monitor
- Taking ownership of supply chain emissions – Energy Monitor
- Booming EV sales challenge critical mineral supply chains – Energy Monitor
- Filings buzz in oil and gas industry: 37% increase in supply chain and logistics mentions since Q3 of 2020 – Offshore Technology
- The challenges facing food manufacturers on Scope 3 emissions – Just Food
- Preparing for future shocks: supply-chain disruption and food security in the UK – Just Food
- Predicting the unpredictable: The inflationary trickle-down on the food supply chain – Just Food
- Pressing issues for automotive supply chains – Just Auto
- Building supply chains for on-time, on-cost EV manufacturing – Just Auto
- How soon will the chip shortage end? – GlobalData survey results – Just Auto
- China’s resilience shines through in index of world’s most vulnerable apparel supply chains – Just Style
- Steadying the ship: Apparel supply chain pressure points and how to alleviate them – Just Style
- The 3D tools accelerating apparel supply chain lead times – Just Style
- Opinion: When apparel supply chains fail to supply – Just Style
- Direct to patient: rocky road to remote drug delivery in clinical trials – Clinical Trials Arena
- Covid-19 antiviral access: uneven supply patterns hinder US rollout – Pharmaceutical Technology
- Cutting the carbon footprint of pharma’s supply chain – Pharmaceutical Technology
- Molnupiravir supplies dominate in times of Paxlovid scarcity – Pharmaceutical Technology
- The end of the coal supply chain – Power Technology
- Broadcast and live events sector faces a two-year recovery from supply chain delays – Leasing Life
- Supply chain special – what’s the impact on wine? – Just Drinks
- Opinion: Why aren’t investors piling in to build new LNG projects? – Energy Monitor
- EU’s CBAM to impact Russia, China and the UK the most – Energy Monitor
- What the Ukraine conflict means for Europe’s energy crisis – Energy Monitor
- Will hydrogen trucks power the supply chains of the future? – Energy Monitor
- Supply chain tech startups have raised $7bn since 2018: Big winners from the crisis – Verdict
- Supply chain special – What’s the impact on soft drinks? – Just Drinks
- What can digitalisation do for the oil and gas supply chain? – Offshore Technology
- Concerns for mineral supply chain amid booming EV sales – Mining Technology