Shell is the coal, oil and gas company most prolific at making international expansions, followed by Exxon Mobil and General Electric. GlobalData’s coal, oil and gas foreign direct investment (FDI) company report highlights the current foreign investments made by leading coal, oil and gas investors. Buy the report here.

Shell has been the most active coal, oil and gas greenfield investor between Q1 2019 and Q1 2024, according to GlobalData’s FDI Projects Database. The parent company has been actively investing through several of its subsidiaries/company divisions.

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Greenfield foreign direct investment is when a company invests abroad to establish a new physical presence or expand an existing operation. Greenfield investments create jobs and/or involve a capital investment into the foreign location. Other forms of FDI, such as mergers and acquisitions, are not included as part of this definition.

The majority of Shell investments were in the gasoline subsector. In fact, 14.5% of its total foreign investments were in this subsector. It also created projects across a further 19 subsectors.

By business function, most (10.5%) of Shell projects were related to logistics & warehousing. Manufacturing and headquarters were the next most popular operations undertaken by Shell.

The company has been active across eight world regions, mainly focused on Asia which received 18.4% of the company’s greenfield investments between Q1 2019 and Q1 2024. Its top three destination countries (by number of greenfield FDI projects) were the US, Germany and Argentina. Combined these three countries account for 113.6% of its total number of coal, oil and gas investments.

Shell created more FDI projects in 2021 compared to any other year between Q1 2019 and Q1 2024.

Other leading FDI project generators in the coal, oil and gas industry include Exxon Mobil, General Electric, BP and TotalEnergies.

The US is the leading source market for outbound coal, oil and gas greenfield FDI projects. The country accounts for 19.3% of total outbound coal, oil and gas investment projects. There have been 42 unique parent companies from the US that have announced coal, oil and gas FDI projects between between Q1 2019 and Q1 2024.

To further understand the top coal, oil and gas FDI companies, access GlobalData’s Top coal, oil and gas Foreign Direct Investment Companies report.

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GlobalData, the leading provider of industry intelligence, provided the underlying data, research, and analysis used to produce this article.

GlobalData’s FDI Projects Database records greenfield FDI throughout the world in real-time. The data can be used to analyse company cross-border expansion activities as well as identify industry, thematic and geographic trends.