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22 February, 2021updated 30 Oct 2021 05:05

Investing in Egypt: what you need to know

All of the key data and information needed when considering investing in Egypt.

By Carmen

As of 2021, Egypt has a population of 102.9 million, making it the 14th largest country in the world by this measure. There are 51.5% males and 48.5% females.

There are 31 million people employed in Egypt, with an unemployment rate of 9.7% – 2.3 million people.


Egypt is the 37th largest economy in the world with a GDP of $324.6bn. Egypt’s GDP has grown by 54% between 2010 and 2021 and is expected to grow by 16% by 2025.

As of 2021 there are 3.1 million students in tertiary education in Egypt, with 9.6 million students in secondary and 13 million in primary education. Egypt spent 6.4% of its GDP on education in 2019.

Egypt ranked 114th in the World Bank’s Doing Business Report (2020). In the 2019 report it finished 120th. In the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report (2019), Egypt finished 93rd, after ranking 93rd in 2018.

Public healthcare expenditure totalled $3.4bn and private healthcare expenditure equalled $8.3bn in 2018.

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