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12 February, 2021updated 30 Oct 2021 05:07

Investing in the US: what you need to know

All of the key data and information needed when considering investing in the US.

By Carmen

As of 2021, the US has a population of 335 million, making it the third largest country in the world by this measure. There are 49.3% males and 50.7% females.

There are 137.7 million people employed in the US, with an unemployment rate of 7.9% – 11.8 million people.


The US is the largest economy in the world with a GDP of $22.1 trillion. The US’s GDP has grown by 45% between 2010 and 2021 and is expected to grow by 13% by 2025.

As of 2021 there are 19.6 million students in tertiary education in the US, with 24.9 million students in secondary and 25.6 million in primary education. The US spent 4.5% of its GDP on education in 2019.

The US ranked sixth in the World Bank’s Doing Business Report (2020). In the 2019 report it finished eighth. In the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report (2019), the US finished second, after ranking first in 2018.

Public healthcare expenditure totalled $2.9 trillion and private healthcare expenditure equalled $537.8 billion in 2018.

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The largest urban areas in the US are New York/Newark/Jersey City (20 million people), Los Angeles/Long Beach/Anaheim (13.3 million), Chicago/Naperville/Elgin (9.4 million).

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