As of 2021, Turkmenistan has a population of 6.1 million, making it the 111st largest country in the world by this measure. There are 49.2% males and 50.8% females.

There are 2.6 million people employed in Turkmenistan, with an unemployment rate of 9.9% – 288,940 people.

Turkmenistan is the 398th largest economy in the world with a GDP of $39bn.

As of 2014 there were 44,411 students in tertiary education in Turkmenistan, with 650,998 students in secondary and 359,064 in primary education. Turkmenistan spent 3% of its GDP on education in 2012.

Public healthcare expenditure totalled $511m and private healthcare expenditure equalled $2.3bn in 2018.