As of 2021, Mauritania has a population of 4.8 million, making it the 125th largest country in the world by this measure. There are 50.2% males and 49.8% females.

There are 1.2 million people employed in Mauritania, with an unemployment rate of 10.2% – 134,209 people.

Mauritania is the 271st largest economy in the world with a GDP of $5.6bn. Mauritania’s GDP has grown by 28% between 2010 and 2021 and is expected to grow by 23% by 2025.

As of 2017 there were 19,371 students in tertiary education in Mauritania, with 236,775 students in secondary and 655,261 in primary education. Mauritania spent 2.4% of its GDP on education in 2019.

Mauritania ranked 152nd in the World Bank’s Doing Business Report (2020). In the 2019 report it finished 148th. In the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report (2019), Mauritania finished 134th, after ranking 134th in 2018.

Public healthcare expenditure totalled $921m and private healthcare expenditure equalled $1.5bn in 2018.