As of 2021, Japan has a population of 124.8 million, making it the 11th largest country in the world by this measure. There are 48.6% males and 51.4% females.

There are 55.4 million people employed in Japan, with an unemployment rate of 2.8% – 1.4 million people.

Japan is the third largest economy in the world with a GDP of $5.2trn. Japan’s GDP has grown by -11% between 2010 and 2021 and is expected to grow by 19% by 2025.

As of 2021 there are 3.9 million students in tertiary education in Japan, with 6.9 million students in secondary and 6.3 million in primary education. Japan spent 3% of its GDP on education in 2019.

Japan ranked 29th in the World Bank’s Doing Business Report (2020). In the 2019 report it finished 39th. In the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report (2019), Japan finished sixth, after ranking sixth in 2018.

Public healthcare expenditure totalled $456.3bn and private healthcare expenditure equalled $86.3bn in 2018.

The largest urban areas in Japan are Tokyo (Kanto Metropolitan Area) (38 million people), Kitakyushu Fukuoka (5.6 million) and Shizuoka Hamamatsu (2.8 million).